Even in the case of Cape Town, which earlier this year proclaimed a water supply crisis that experts believed could literally cause taps to run dry, city officials blithely announced earlier this month that no emergency was imminent after all. The answer is yes—but not in the way most people think.
In this article we discuss five consequences of a future with widespread water shortages.
Increased Global Conflict Freshwater resources are often shared by two or more countries which may lead to more international conflicts as freshwater becomes more scarce.
First, the world’s fresh water is very unevenly distributed, meaning that cities and farms often have to invest enormous resources in bringing it to where it’s needed.
Because the world’s population is both growing and increasingly clustered in cities, it’s becoming more and more challenging to find enough water to grow more crops and at the same time fill more washbasins.
But it’s one that poses plenty of real-world foreign policy challenges.
QUICK FIXES Broadly speaking, the world faces three separate water-related challenges that have each gotten much worse in recent decades.Of this seventy percent water only While sea levels have been drastically rising, water retention on land has been drastically reduced. As our natural sources of water have slowly been dwindling, as a human race we have become more dependent on rainfall, opening ourselves also to potential disasters, which include but are not limited to the threat of droughts.As of late there have been crushing worldwide droughts.For the past several years, water has consistently been named as a leading risk in the World Economic Forum’s annual survey of global leaders, and newspapers worldwide are awash with stories warning of a water crisis.But a funny thing happens between the headlines: surprisingly little.According to one recent study, by 2040 there will not be enough water available to meet global demand for both drinking and energy production.The shrinking freshwater resources and growing demand will have negative ramifications for billions of people.The real challenges are not technical or hydrological but political and ethical.The world’s water crisis, as it turns out, is really more of an existential one.In Australia the droughts have continued for so long that experts are not sure to qualify it as an extended drought or a newly set extremely dry and hot climate (Walsh 2).This means that there is a reduction in both readily available drinking water and water used in agricultural cultivation.