Strategies For Solving Word Problems

Strategies For Solving Word Problems-44
Models are the visual ways problems are represented.Strategies are the ways a student solves a problem, putting together and taking apart the numbers.My students had been struggling with how to solve addition and subtraction word problems for what seemed like forever.

Models are the visual ways problems are represented.

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If you’re working on addition without regrouping, use those number sets.

The more connections you can make between the computation and the problem-solving the better.

Our students need even more practice with those types of problems because the relationship of the numbers is more abstract.

I’m going to leave that for another blog post, though.

Some children need to be taught specific strategies that they can use to solve the problem.

These are strategies that can be taught at home by parents/tutors or at school by teachers, assistants, etc.At some point, we do create a list of words, but not a keyword list.We create a list of actions or verbs and determine whether those actions are joining or separating something. Here are a few ideas: Join: put, got, picked up, bought, made Separate: ate, lost, put down, dropped, used in the problem and the result of the problem. These are all words we use when solving problems and we learn the structure of a word problem through the vocabulary and relationship of the numbers.Do you want a FREE sample of the resource that I use to teach Addition & Subtraction Word Problems by Problem Type?Do you know a child who needs help with math word problems?You’ll see how I sometimes gave students copies of the model that they could glue into their notebook and sometimes students drew their own model.They need to be responsible for choosing what works best for them. Teach the strategies first through the use of math fact practice, before applying it to word problems so that students understand the strategies and can quickly choose one to use. Once students have some fluency in a few strategies, have them choose strategies that work for different problems.Start your instruction with specific models and then allow students to choose one to use. Be purposeful in the numbers that you choose for your word problems.Different number sets will lend themselves to different strategies and different models.You can read more about the Addition & Subtraction Word Problems Resource that I use in my classroom in this blog post. Removing the distraction of the numbers helps students focus on the situation of the problem and understand the action or relationship of the numbers.Below are five math problem-solving strategies to use when teaching word problems using any resource. It also keeps students from solving the problem before we talk about the relationship of the numbers.


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