Hence robotics involves a scientific study of robots.
The study includes design, selections of materials of proper quality for the components, fabrication, study of various motors required for moving the components, design of electronic circuits, computers and computer programming and control of robots.
Sensors are measuring instruments that measure quantities such as position, velocity, force, torque, proximity, temperature etc.
Though robots are used widely in industries but they are also popular in other fields like agriculture, nuclear energy, fire fighting, mining, undersea exploration, space exploration, medical applications etc.
This relieves the human beings from doing such hazardous tasks.
(4) Fire fighting and mining: Robots can perform hazardous works like fire fighting to extinguish the fire and in mining operations.(1) Industries: Use of robots in industries are very common because they can offer reduced cost of production, increase productivity, improve production quality, and can operate hazardous and hostile environment.Robots, at industries are classified according to the type of work they perform like Pick- and place robots, point-to-point robots, assembly robots etc.Nevertheless, there’s still no concrete definition for robots that has been accepted by all. Robots that are able to do such are the more complex ones, like Honda’s ASIMO robot. When the human body dies, it will no longer come back to life, as opposed to robots that can easily be repaired.Some robots can even do far more complex cognitive operations, like sensing its environment and being able to navigate itself using a certain guide, as shown in driverless cars. Although robots are said to show complex processes or operations, humans are far more advanced, in the sense that they have a highly developed brain that no robot has ever matched up to. Humans are far more complex and superior to robots in almost all aspects. Humans are highly social beings compared to robots. You agree that we have no liability for any damages.But this defamation does not give a human shape to the robot. The Robot Institute of America has given a very interesting definition on an Industrial robot. “An Industrial robot is a reprogrammable, multifunctional manipulator designed to move materials, parts, tools or special devices through variable programmed motions for the performance of a variety of tasks”. This characteristic distinguishes it from a fixed automation.A fixed automation is designed to do one and only one specific task.(2) Agriculture: In agriculture, robots are now successfully utilized for fruit picking, potato digging etc.(3) Nuclear energy: Handling of radioactive substances in a nuclear power station is an important work done by robots.However, a robot can be reprogrammed to perform even when specifications are changed drastically.The original programme is simply erased and the new programme takes care of the changed tasks.