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The Provisional Government After the abdication of the Romanovs a Provisional Government was quickly formed by leading members of the Duma and recognised internationally as Russia's legal government.It was to rule Russia until elections could be held.The Tsar and the Imperial regime took the blame as civil unrest heated up to boiling point.
Lenin had spent most of the 20th Century travelling and working and campaigning in Europe - partly out of fear for his own safety, as he was known Socialist and enemy of the Tsarist regime.
However with the Tsar under arrest and Russian politics in chaos, Lenin saw the opportunity to lead his party, the Bolsheviks, to power.
In his October Manifesto, Nicholas created Russia's first constitution and the State Duma, an elected parliamentary body.
However Nicholas's belief in his divine right to rule Russia meant that he spent much of the following years fighting to undermine or strip the Duma of its powers and to retain as much autocracy as possible.
Nicholas ordered the police and military to intervene, however the military was no longer loyal to the Tsar and many mutinied or joined the people in demonstrations. On October 28th over 80,000 troops mutinied from the army and looting and rioting was widespread.
He resigned the following day, leaving Russia without a head of state.
It favoured full-scale Socialism over more moderate democratic reforms generally favoured by members of the Provisional Government.
After centuries of Imperial rule Russia was consumed with political fervour, but the many different factions, all touting different ideas, meant that political stability was still a long way off directly after February Revolution.
By this time Russia was sending conscripts and untrained troops to the front, with little or no equipment and fighting in an almost continual retreat.
In 1916 morale reached an all time low as the pressure of waging the war fell hardest on prolaterian families, whose sons were being slaughtered at the front and who severe suffered food and fuel shortages at home.