No matter which type you use, you always need to cite your source on a references or works cited page at the end of the document.
It might be helpful to quote or paraphrase specific lines that contribute to the main themes of such a work.
Here is an example of me summarizing the news article on Tolkien: , he discusses the importance of digitizing an early English text.
If you’ve ever written a research essay, you know the struggle is real. Knowing how you should include your source takes some finesse, and knowing when to quote directly, paraphrase, or summarize can make or break your argument.
And how is summarizing different from paraphrasing—aren’t they kind of the same thing?
Paraphrasing means you should focus only on segments of a text. Paraphrasing is especially useful when you want to bring in a longer section of a source into your piece, but you don’t have room for the full passage.
A paraphrase doesn’t simplify the passage to an extreme level, like a summary would.While similar to paraphrasing in that you use your own words, Summaries are useful because they allow you to mention entire chapters or articles—or longer works—in only one or two sentences.However, summaries can be longer and more in-depth. In literary analysis essays, it is useful to include one body paragraph that summarizes the work you’re writing about.When writing an academic paper, scholars must use in-text citations in parentheses followed by a complete entry on a references page.When you quote someone using references a recent discovery of the word “elf” in an ancient text.Helen mentions that “Tolkien could not bear such a negative association,” perhaps explaining Tolkien’s depiction of elves as brave, good creatures.In this summary, I have included the main ideas of the article, one paraphrase, and one direct quote.Notice how I used single quotation marks to identify when the writer was quoting others.I’ll talk about the entry on the references page (called Works Cited in MLA) in a moment.I also placed everything the author used, both his own words and quotes, entirely into my own words.I took a single paragraph of text and explained it in my own words—which is the heart of paraphrasing. Summarizing is on a much larger scale than quoting or paraphrasing.