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Two helpful strategies are to encourage students to set attainable sub-goals so they use short periods of time efficiently.
Yet it is a crucial preliminary step in the research process, and one which the postgraduate student, who has recently emerged from the security of undergraduate life where problems appear to exist self-evidently, must confront and overcome.
It if is not, and the research proposal remains vague and ill-defined, the student's subsequent activities of researching and note-taking will lack focus, be more time-consuming than is necessary, and largely ineffective. 196) Another crucial phase in the research process is the transition from analysis to synthesis; that is, from the collection and analysis of literature or data to the writing of the first draft.
', the better the chances of a well-constructed thesis.(Nightingale 1992, pp. 1992, `Initiation into research through writing', in Zuber-Skerritt, O. 1992, `Problem definition and thesis writing - workshops for the postgraduate student', in Zuber-Skerritt, O.
(ed), Starting Research - Supervision and Training, Tertiary Education Institute, Brisbane. (ed), Starting Research - Supervision and Training, Tertiary Education Institute, Brisbane.
revealed that rarely were theses criticised for `bad writing' in the sense that most people understand that phrase.
That is, theses were acceptable in terms of the mechanics of presentation: sentence structure, paragraphing, spelling, grammar, etc.At many universities, candidates in Ph D programs are usually required to present a research proposal during or at the start of their candidature.This note provides a suggested outline for a proposal that fits with the structured approach to presenting theses, based on experience and Poole (1993) and Krathowl (1977).Rarely has a student not read enough to start writing the first draft of these frameworks.] Another trap for student writers is that they believe they need long periods of time if they are going to try to write anything.Waiting for the significant piece of free time to come along makes procrastination easy.Supervisors need to emphasise throughout students' candidacies that they are striving in the thesis to communicate one big idea; that there should be a `thesis' or centre to which everything in the document contributes. 174) Educational research and our own experience ...suggest that it is extremely important for the beginning researcher to define the research problem at a very early stage in the research process.The introduction is a five- to ten-line picture of the whole research, showing the major controversies or gaps in the literature which leads to the research problem.This description may become section 1.1 in the final thesis.This means that they do not work until they are at the absolute end of something, but quit when they can still see what will come nest.They jot down a few notes about what they expect to write next, and when they come back, there is no blank page facing them.