“That is, the differences found between individuals and groups could simply be due to the participants giving their reports for a second time …” …
“ on collaborative memory is that the memory of groups is compared with that of individuals. group performance should not be compared with individual performance but rather with ‘nominal groups’ comprised of pooled, non-redundant data from the same number of people tested individually.” 8. Most research involving the Experimentally Induced Information methodology seeks to identify the influence of misinformation presented by one witness to another, and therefore the assumption is made that discussion between witnesses is a detrimental process. “While the misinformation effect is a well-established phenomenon, ‘what remains in dispute is the nature of a satisfactory theoretical explanation’ (ref.). Therefore, in order to understand why memory conformity occurs, we must draw from both cognitive research on memory and social research on conformity.
Almost all innocent individuals exonerated by DNA evidence had been convicted primarily as a result of erroneous eyewitness evidence (ref.) Consequently, a great deal of research has focussed on the unreliability of eyewitness testimony (refs.).” , such a narrow focus may not fully explain how people remember (ref.). Reviews the chronological development of research in this area (an approach that is useful at times, but not always the best).
Because such ‘contamination’ is common to memory, understanding its effects enables greater knowledge of memory itself (ref.). Discusses one key paper at a time by describing its methods and key findings, but then identifies weaknesses in the method and/or limitations in the findings.
The bulk of the chapter was on critically evaluating the different methodologies used in this field so as to identify the appropriate approach for investigating the research question(s). “Approximately 77,000 individuals are arrested in the United States each year based primarily on eyewitness testimony (ref.). Given the pivotal role that eyewitness testimony plays in some trials, it is important to establish whether or not the jury’s faith in this testimony is warranted.” 2.
“One study has shown that eyewitness errors are the most common cause of false convictions (ref.).As with the literature review, the length of this report may vary by course or by journal, but most often it will be determined by the scope of the research conducted.If you are writing a paper that fits neither of these categories, follow the guidelines about General Format, consult your instructor, or look up advice in the .It is usually presented as a distinct section of a graduate thesis or dissertation.The overall goals of this chapter were firstly to establish the significance of the general field of study, then identify a place where a new contribution could be made.In many of the social sciences, you will be asked to design and conduct your own experimental research.If so, you will need to write up your paper using a structure that is more complex than that used for just a literature review.A literature review typically contains the following sections: Some instructors may also want you to write an abstract for a literature review, so be sure to check with them when given an assignment.Also, the length of a literature review and the required number of sources will vary based on course and instructor preferences.It may not be called a Literature Review but gives you an idea of how one is created in miniature. The literature review is a written overview of major writings and other sources on a selected topic.