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If the person responsible for this analysis remains anonymous and does not appear among the authors, it would be very difficult for the reader to trust the findings and the conclusions of the research.These articles have a serious problem with authorship as they are usually written by staff hired by a pharmaceutical company and not identified as an author.Some pharmaceutical companies use the scientific literature as a marketing tool.
The consequences of scientific misconduct extend beyond those that fall on the Principal Investigator who bears the guilt.
If the misconduct is not detected and fraudulent research findings are published, the scientific literature will contain erroneous information, which makes other scientists waste their time and resources (which are limited and often come from the taxpayer) trying to replicate the published findings.
Current research requires material and human resources that are very costly from an economic standpoint, and therefore depends on financing from public administration or private companies with very specific interests.
In this context, scientists must compete for the resources to conduct research and publish the results as soon as possible to further their scientific reputation in the investigated subject matter, which is the only way to secure funding sources for future research.
The credibility issues arise because in many of these articles one cannot identify the persons responsible for a particular aspect of the investigation or its publication.
it was impossible to identify anyone who conducted the data analysis.” On the one hand, one must respect the right of the reader to be informed and, on the other hand, the author's right to privacy.At present, many scientific journals require a form for the statement of conflicts of interest to be filled out.A survey published in 2007 compared the authors of 44 research protocols promoted by the pharmaceutical industry with authors of published articles with the results of such research and found evidence of ghostwriting in 33 studies (75%).These practices are ethically questionable because they create problems of credibility and copyright.Initially, it was thought to be a marginal problem, involving a ridiculously small number of articles.However, the emergence of the first statistics on this practice demonstrates that it currently represents a major problem.The findings published with fabricated or falsified data may adversely influence routine clinical practice or health planning policies.The researcher who is convicted may lose the ability to work in his or her field and the opportunity of obtaining funding for future research.Furthermore, authors should consider the statement of conflict of interest as genuine protection for their scientific study: once the statement has been made, it is less likely that anyone can question the validity of the study, since stating a potential conflict of interest does not imply making a confession of “guilt” or manipulation of the findings.One fundamental question that every author asks at the time the statement of conflict of interest is made is: “How far do I have to go in making my statement?