Essay Realism Idealism

Essay Realism Idealism-38
If free trade is made by mercantilists, then war will be avoided, according to idealists, because it free trade produces wealth without war.Dolye (1997) adds, that, since humans are rational, they will peacefully respect other states and allow them to enjoy the benefits of living under the conditions of peace specially if their rights and interests are promoted.This essay will explain a framework for non-utopian key elements of idealist approaches of international relations (IR).

To be able to use a realistic assumption of international relations from idealists, it is first necessary to remove their assumptions regarding social reality from their normalities perspective.

Therefore is needed to exclude all the reference to metaphysical idea of human’s nature, divine will (God), and natural theology.

In spite of this, liberals said that competition in the system is substituted forby the warfare to warranty the economic stability and reduce the chances offor an economic crisis for the good of everyone.

(Sevenhuijsen, 2000) Iit is comprehended, that if the global community is in anarchy, the self-regulation ofon capitalism means that state actors or non-state units must work together to make stable the international economy and establish a non-zero sum game for each national economy.

Idealists believes that humans are good, peaceful and rational by nature.

Thanks to man's critical reason, the shape of society , individuals come together and organize themselves into dynamic societies grounded in the essentially procedural principles (natural law).The foundation of the idealist theory of world politics can be express in the form of social actors and their motivations and their relationship between states within the international system.The reason of humans is a core element to seek for domestic society since is believed to be the way to promote and protect their interests (human rights), idealists believe that the possible way to maintain peace between international relations it is through democracy.The peace and reason of humans direct attention to the need to remove violence in relations between states.The way only possible way to remove violence and the possibility of conflict/war between states in the international system is through liberal democracy (Buzan, 1984).In the view on the fact that since the end of the Second World War ll, there has been a trend on states to become democracies, for example, Latin American countries, ex USSR members.Besides, insecurity is an immense and complex problem, as uncertainty which is influences every level of daily, lifesubjected to uncertainty across every level, from the individual to global.Idealists assume that liberal democracies do not fight withamong another liberal democratic nations (Biddal and Sylvest, 2013), which that believes is called as the democratic peace theory.This is claimed to be true because liberal democracies share a common rational interest, which creates a cooperative international system, keeping in mind that this is based on the idea of human’s nature.The purpose of this essay is therefore to analyse the realistic level of idealist approach.Every theory has limitations and it cannot be claimed as fully accurate, for that reason it is also is argued that the key features of idealism stated above are realistic to an extent, there are some considerable limitations: the lack of abstraction in relation toon the concept of “good” to describe the man’s nature;.


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