More recently, there have been significant changes in the global economy, which make it completely vital for any country to make its technological competitiveness to be sharper, and this is a direct product of the nation’s innovative ability.
At the present day, there is representation of the scenario by the phenomena such as the improved occurrence of innovations, making techno-economic life cycles shorter, swift creation and commercialization of the upcoming technologies, transnationals globalization, “strategic alliancing of large firms, intensive R&D programs, difficulty in accessing critical technologies, large multi-country R&D projects, large countries being threatened by newly industrialized countries and such others, in each of which overriding influence has been that of innovation” (Bhat, n.d, p.1).
Having racing ahead in the developed countries, there is a threat of the developing nations being left behind, technologically.
The suitably titled “digital divide” “was already an issue, with emphasis on access to telephones, computers and the internet” (Banks & Burge, 2004, p.10).
In essence, innovation and creativity have enabled human beings to come up with solutions to the problems that arise or to deal with the necessities facing them.
Over time, there has been advancement in technology and this has come up as a result of making appropriate efforts to be creative and innovative.In the current times, people are familiar with the mobile phone. The focus of this paper is to look at the mobile phone as being one of the most important innovations that has been made in the human history.The are currently the dominant technology which the youths define themselves with.The innovation rate in the mobile phone industry is quite unique and this is in regard to the handset innovation as well as the range of services that are offered.In the course of the past few years, the mobile phone has turned out to the main information communication device “spurred on by the earlier introduction of text messaging and the more recent mobile internet services (Wireless Application Protocol, WAP)” (Banks & Burge, 2004, p.9).Banks & Burge (2004) points out that “addressing their specific needs, and supporting and encouraging the use of mobile technology as a force for positive social and environmental change presents the industry with unique challenges and opportunities” (Banks & Burge, 2004,p.10).The mobile phone has turned out to be an integral part of the people’s daily life.In a large number of countries, over a half the population has mobile phones and in some of the developing countries, these phones are mostly the only means of telecommunication of the people (Vodafone, 2005).Other than the questions that have not yet been answered that relate to health, the positive utilization of the mobile phones rests greatly in our hands, those of the government, when it comes to the safety regulations as well as the environmental issues, it rests in the hands of operators who can take the necessary measures to make sure there is smooth integration of the technology in to the society in regard to equipment design as well as aesthetics, and through measures that assist in the training of people in the mobile phone etiquette; in employers’ hands who can make necessary efforts to make sure that the employees that have the corporate mobiles are not abused; and eventually, in the hands of the users, who are supposed to develop a higher level of knowledge and work in order to make sure that their use of the mobile phones does not impact them in a negative way; impacting their lives as well as those people around them (International Telecommunications Union, 2004).These encompass passing over data to the doctors in order to make it possible to have remote diagnosis and offer patient support and farmers being in a position to engage in the updating of livestock databases through GPRS on the mobile handset among other initiatives.By getting knowledge from these initiatives, there can be transferring of knowledge countries and be adapted in line with the specific needs and context and skills to the developing.