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According to the Economic Survey of Pakistan, the drought was one of the most significant factors responsible for the less than anticipated growth performance.The survey terms it as the worst drought in the history of the country.In 1992 flooding during Monsoon season killed 1,834 people across the country, in 1993 flooding during Monsoon rains killed 3,084 people, in 2003 Sindh province was badly affected due to monsoon rains causing damages in billions, killed 178 people, while in 2007 Cyclone Yemyin submerged lower part of Balochistan Province in sea water killing 380 people.
Although the summer temperatures do not get as high as those in Punjab, the high humidity causes the residents a great deal of discomfort.
In Islamabad, there are cold winds from the north of Pakistan.
The onset and duration of these seasons vary somewhat according to location.
The climate in the capital city of Islamabad varies from an average daily low of 2 °C in January to an average daily high of 38 °C in June.
2010 July floods swept 20% of Pakistan's land, the flood is the result of unprecedented Monsoon rains which lasted from 28 July to 31 July 2010.
Khyber Pakhtunkhwa and North eastern Punjab were badly affected during the monsoon rains when dams, rivers and lakes overflowed.
Pakistan recorded one of the highest temperatures in the world – 53.5 °C (128.3 °F) – on , the hottest temperature ever recorded in Pakistan, but also the hottest reliably measured temperature ever recorded on the continent of Asia.
As Pakistan is located on a great landmass north of the Tropic of Cancer (between latitudes 25° and 36° N), it has a continental type of climate characterized by extreme variations of temperature, both seasonally and daily.
Evenings are cool; the diurnal variation in temperature may be as much as 11C to 17C.
Winters are cold, with minimum mean temperatures in Punjab of about 4 °C (39 °F) in January, and sub-zero temperatures in the far north and Balochistan.