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Blood transfusion; Blood components; PRBC; FFP; Platelets Blood is a specialized bodily fluid that supplies essential substances and nutrients and removes metabolic waste products from the cells. The cellular components include red blood cells, white blood cells and platelets. Hence, transfusion of donated blood is the main stay of treatment in variety of medical/clinical conditions .
Many a times there will be injudicious use of blood and its products among patients which causes unnecessary burden to the patients as well to blood bank.
Main aim of this study is to evaluate the pattern utilization of blood and blood components in Karnataka institute of medical sciences.
Materials and methods: This was retrospective study carried out over a period of 1 year from January 2015 to December 2015.
Necessary data were collected from blood bank registers.
Second most common diagnosis was gynaecological disorders which used 2575 (20.5%) units of blood.
Least utilization 112 (0.9%) was by renal disorders (Table 2).Supply to the surgical wards was 2011 (16.0%) units.Demand from the labour room was 1751 (13.9%) units which were met.Inappropriate transfusion practices can lead to serious consequences for recipients including transmission of infectious agents .In developing countries there are limited resources of blood and increasing demand, hence it is necessary to make an efficient use of blood .In our hospital least requirement for blood units (0.7%, n=93) was from department of ENT during the study period (Figure 3 and Table 1).In the present study, most common diagnosis requiring blood unit (n=2741, 21.8%) was elective surgery.Received Date: May 25, 2017; Accepted Date: June 03, 2017; Published Date: June 10, 2017 Citation: Giriyan SS, Chethana HD, Sindhushree N, Agarwal A, Nirala NK, et al.(2017) Study of Utilization of Blood and Blood Components in a Tertiary Care Hospital. doi: 10.4172/2165-7831.1000169 Copyright: © 2017 Giriyan SS, et al.It contains cellular component and plasma which supplies oxygen, nutrients to different parts of the body.Transfusion of blood and blood components is an integral part of health care practice.