Paris, France: Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development.
Seminario Internacional Justicia y Transparencia, Unidad de Apoyo al Proyecto de Modernización del Tribunal Supremo de Justicia, and Mirador Democrático.
It would be wrong to deny that corruption is indispensable in the obtaining of drilling concession, though that does not mean that one should not try to stop it. Tarallo [a senior Elf Manager] is unfortunately right when he says that all petrol companies use it… In exchange, Paris could count on their support in its diplomatic battles and could offer captive markets to French firms…This was put in place during the presidency of General de Gaulle and has been maintained by subsequent governments regardless of party…Looked at today the picture is not glorious.
A former colonial power has taught corruption to its African clients—who were willing pupils—and there is nothing to persuade us that they have not rewarded their friends in Paris……
Government accountability Political corruption Political corruption–Prevention Transparency in government Global Integrity https:// Supports progress towards open, accountable and effective governance in countries and communities around the world. Open Society Foundations: Governance and Accountability https:// The Open Society Foundations work with governments and businesses to advance transparency, rule of law, and good governance around the world.
Power3.0 https:// Blog from the International Forum for Democratic Studies at the National Endowment for Democracy which explores how savvy authoritarian governments survive and thrive in a globalized information age, and the ways that democracies are contending with this challenge.
Transparency International https:// Global movement partnering with government, business and civil society to put effective measures in place to tackle corruption.
Corruption Perceptions Index Anti-corruption Knowledge Hub Global Corruption Barometer National Integrity System Assessment Carey, John M. “Transparency Versus Collective Action: Fujimori’s Legacy and the Peruvian Congress”.
Corruption is both a major cause and a result of poverty around the world.
It occurs at all levels of society, from local and national governments, civil society, judiciary functions, large and small businesses, military and other services and so on.