The oldest son of a carpet layer and a teacher, Charles Drew grew up in Washington D. His athletic talents won him a scholarship at Amherst College, where he graduated in 1926.
He dreamed of becoming a doctor and worked as a coach and biology instructor at Morgan University in Baltimore to raise money for medical school after finishing college.
This revolutionary discovery created a product that could be stored for two months instead of the one week that whole blood remained viable at the time, and would prove life-saving during the impending war. Drew was ineligible to donate blood, even after he became manager of Presbyterian Hospital’s blood supply and later, managed America’s Blood for Britain program.
The racial obstacles he faced led him to carve out another legacy for himself – a racial one – and as the first African-American to become a member of the American Board of Surgery, he became outspoken about the racial practices common in medicine at the time.
Mike Pratt, who also describes Drew’s research as forming the basis for what would later become cross-matching compatibility testing, which is used in blood banks all over the world today. Charles Drew did for blood stabilization and preservation that his work’s legacy endures today.
Drew’s doctoral dissertation, “described the novel methods he’d developed during his studies as a Rockefeller Fellow at Columbia University’s Presbyterian Hospital in New York in 1939 to separate plasma from the other blood components and lyophilize – or freeze-dry – it for long-term storage.
Francis Fellowship, based on a competitive examination given annually to the top five students in the graduating class. Drew began postgraduate work and earned his Doctor of Science in Surgery degree at Columbia University. Charles Drew did not make much money but he was a generous man. Drew made what he considered his greatest contribution to medicine: teaching and helping to certify hundreds of Black surgeons.
His doctoral thesis, "Banked Blood: A Study in Blood Preservation" was based on an exhaustive study of blood preservation techniques, which began at Mc Gill University. They had four children: Bebe, Charlene, Rhea, and Charles.
Drew was selected to become full-time Medical Director of the Blood for Britain Project. Andrews Clinical Association in Tuskegee, Alabama, when he was killed in a one-car accident.
In February 1941, he was appointed Director of the first American Red Cross Blood Bank in charge of blood for use by the U. The automobile struck the soft shoulder of the road and overturned. Drew, who was severely injured, was rushed to a nearby hospital in Burlington, North Carolina.