Regulatory constraints: All organisations work in certain country or part or country where it will follow the legislations adapted by the authorized regulatory body there.
Technological Development: When a company realises its operations are inadequate in relation to the current technological environment, the changes takes place.
It is for all organisations today and M&S is not the exceptional case here.
Labour Union: Sometimes the labour union makes demand to the management in favour of the employees and management has to compromise with the employees and this leads to some changes.
M&S has also made some few minor changes in its history when demanded to make employees more motivated and loyal.
Some of these strength and weaknesses are mentioned below.
Accountability: This is one of the most powerful strength of bureaucratic organisations.January 2017: Cornelissen - Developing Propositions, a Process Model, or a Typology?January 2016: Byron and Thatcher - Teaching Theory and Theory Building October 2014: Suddaby - Why Theory?Change management can be defined as "the process of continually renewing an organization's direction, structure and capabilities to serve the ever changing needs of external and internal customers" (Moran and Brighton, 2001).Similarly, Change management is a systematic approach to dealing with change, both from the perspective of an organization and on the individual level.There is no organisation in the world which has no sign or presence of bureaucracy at all.At least some functional unit or some division follows bureaucracy within the so called organic organisations.Corporate strategy: This is also could be termed as managerial decision factor for change.Even in M&S, some big changes have taken place due to the some new or reviewed strategies passed by the executive board.Bureau is French word for desk, or by extension an office that means bureaucracy represents a rule through the desk or office.German political economist and scientist, Max Weber (1864-1920) believes bureaucracy is the division of labour applied to administration.