Camus Essays

Camus Essays-26
Camus joined the Communist Party 1934 in response to the rise of fascism in Europe; he was entrusted with propaganda work among the Muslims.Camus' affiliation with the Communist party did not last long, however, and by 1935 his disillusionment had begun.According to Camus, the first step an individual must take is to accept the fact of this absurdity.

Albert's father, a vineyard laborer and thus essentially part of the peasant class, was nevertheless a self-educated man.

A year after Albert's birth, his father was mortally wounded in the Battle of the Marne during World War I.

As World War II began, his essay collection was published and he married Francine Faure in 1940. During this time he was a vocal, self-proclaimed pacifist.

In March of that year he was advised to leave Algeria because he had become a "threat to national security." The same year, the .

At the University of Algiers Camus received a degree in letters, and a master's in philosophy, and received his in 1936.

In the years between 1934-1936 he was married to Simone Hie, the daughter of a wealthy ophthalmologist.Thus, between the years of 1924-1930, Camus was a scholarship student at the University of Algiers.Following the onset of tuberculosis, Camus went on leave from school.Camus had a rough and poor childhood, but he enjoyed playing soccer, spending time in the sea and soaking up the Mediterranean sun.At the age of seventeen, however, he caught tuberculosis, which troubled him consistently for the rest of his life.His sickness prevented him from becoming a teacher, and also kept him out of the military.In many ways, however, he was very similar to his friends, such as Jean-Paul Satre, Arthur Koestler and Romain Gary. During the years of 1918-1923, Camus attended primary school and met Louis Germain, who acted as a father to the boy, helping him win a scholarship to high school.Influenced by the philosophers Søren Kierkegaard, Arthur Schopenhauer, and Friedrich Nietzsche, Camus argues that life is essentially meaningless, although humans continue to try to impose order on existence and to look for answers to unanswerable questions.Camus uses the Greek legend of Sisyphus, who is condemned by the gods for eternity to repeatedly roll a boulder up a hill only to have it roll down again once he got it to the top, as a metaphor for the individual’s persistent struggle against the essential absurdity of life.He poured his energy into the theater group, , where he worked as an actor, director, and playwright.He formulated a philosophy of moralism that led to his ideas of the absurd, a state which he posits can only exist if God is absent. His marriage to Simone broke up due to her serious drug addiction.


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