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Authors are displayed in reverse order: Last name, First initial. If using the Bib Me APA citation builder, click "Add another contributor" to add additional author names.
They are not associated with this guide, but all of the information here provides guidance to using their style.
APA style is used by many scholars and researchers in the behavioral and social sciences, not just psychology.
The structure for each citation is based on the type of source used.
Scroll down to see APA format examples of some common source formats.
Editors: When citing an entire edited book in APA format, place the names of editors in the author position and follow it with Ed. Use this handy chart to determine how to format author names in citations and references: Place the date that the source was published in parentheses after the name of the author. For book titles: Only capitalize the first letter of the first word in the title and the same for the subtitle. Example: For articles and chapter titles: Only capitalize the first letter of the first word in the title and the same for the subtitle.
In APA format for periodicals, include the month and day as well. Capitalize the first letter for any proper nouns as well. Capitalize the first letter for any proper nouns as well.
If your reference list has multiple authors with the same last name and initials, include their first name in brackets.
Example: When no author is listed, exclude the author information and start the citation with the title followed by the year in parentheses. See below for examples of citing edited books in their entirety and also APA citation format for chapters in edited books.
Exclude the terms publishers, company, and incorporated.
Include Books and Press if it is part of the publisher's name. Example: Little Brown and Company would be placed in the APA citation as: Little Brown.